Mbow, C., Smith, P., Skole, D., Duguma, L., Bustamante, M., 2014. Achieving mitigation and adaptation to climate change through sustainable agroforestry practices in Africa. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 6, 8-14.
Agroforestry is one of the most conspicuous land use systems across
landscapes and agroecological zones in Africa. With food shortages and
increased threats of climate change, interest in agroforestry is
gathering for its potential to address various on-farm adaptation needs,
and fulfill many roles in AFOLU-related mitigation pathways.
Agroforestry provides assets and income from carbon, wood energy,
improved soil fertility and enhancement of local climate conditions; it
provides ecosystem services and reduces human impacts on natural
forests. Most of these benefits have direct benefits for local
adaptation while contributing to global efforts to control atmospheric
greenhouse gas concentrations. This paper presents recent findings on
how agroforestry as a sustainable practice helps to achieve both
mitigation and adaptation objectives while remaining relevant to the
livelihoods of the poor smallholder farmers in Africa.